Industry 4.0 or Fourth Industrial Revolution refers to the process of digitization and automation of remote controlled jobs in the industrial sector. In this technological revolution, robotics and connectivity are the backbone of the manufacturing processes. The so-called Intelligent Industry, improves productivity, manufacturing costs, the quality of business and companies.

What is Industry 4.0, the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Industry 4.0 and the fourth Industrial revolution
Contents Index
What is connected industry and characteristics of 4.0 technologies
Industry 4.0 refers to the introduction in the production of advanced and intelligent technologies through the use of Internet applications as an essential tool. The digital integration of information is carried out using as pillars the technological advances that have occurred in robotics, Artificial Intelligence, data analytics (Big Data) and the Internet of Things (Internet of Things).

This flow of information between applications within the connected industry is called PDP, which is the acronym for “Physical to Digital to Physical”.

From physical to Digital. Physical information is taken and transformed into digital data.
From Digital to Digital. The data is collected and analyzed through analytics (Big Data) and processed by Artificial Intelligence algorithms.
From Digital to Physical. The result is transmitted to the physical world to communicate a decision or order.
The industry connected to Artificial Intelligence is characterized by offering immediate results with a degree of analysis and study infinitely greater than the traditional one. The technologies of Industry 4.0 are influenced, as well as complemented by others, such as Artificial Vision, Virtual and Augmented Reality, Cloud Computing or the intelligent virtual assistants themselves.

What is connected industry 4.0 and the technologies of industry 4.0
Connectivity in the Fourth Industrial Revolution


The optimization of processes is a large-scale challenge for the ecosystem of companies and organizations. The industrial sectors of the countries that do not manage to adapt to Industrial automation will see their survival chances and their potential diminished, since they compete in the market at a clear disadvantage and with lower profitability of a product.

To achieve this, associated technologies are used, such as 5G networks that allow fast data transmission between devices. A complete revolution is taking place in warehouse logistics, with the implementation of robots or autonomous AGV and AIV vehicles.

Cybersecurity in Industry 4.0
Preserving the security of the information that is most sensitive to production processes and especially customer data, is one of the great challenges we will face in the coming decades. Today, obtaining the most sensitive data of your clients is more lucrative than robbing a bank. The same happens with obtaining confidential information from the production processes and data analysis of your competitors.

An example is the dozens of cyber threats that a Vitoria robotics company called Alias ​​Robotics has detected in Universal Robots robots. Can you imagine hackers paralyzing a robotic car production line? What if bots start offering their customers toxic financial products? Well, to tell the truth, banks have never required the intervention of hackers to offer these services …

Industry 4.0 examples
Impact of Industrial 4.0 transformation
The Era of technological transformation of companies is allowing more versatile responses to a product or client, as well as an increase in business results. Studies show that smart factories that have integrated IT systems increase their production capacity by 20%. Intelligent organizations develop forms of production being more flexible, fast, efficient and with greater analysis capacity.

Of course, the digitization of industrial production processes also affects employees, improving the health and safety of the workers themselves. Nevertheless, they are not the only ones. Organizations now manage their productivity methods through software, which allows them to be more predictive and make decisions in real time.

Impact of Industrial 4.0 transformation
We see that in the Era of Connected Industry, the personalization of products to customers allows them to individualize their needs, increasing the degree of satisfaction in the consumption of a product and with the company itself. It is due to How Big Data works and the implementation of the Internet of Things to Industry 4.0

From raw material to recycling: BMW Group develops sustainable material cycle for battery cells

 Development of innovative and recyclable battery cells +++ Near-standard production of battery cell prototypes at new pilot plant +++ Commissioning planned for late 2022 +++

Munich. Sustainability plays a central role in expanding electromobility. The BMW Group has therefore set itself the goal of creating a closed and sustainable material cycle for battery cells. With a new pilot plant that will produce lithium-ion battery cells, the company is taking the next logical step in penetrating all aspects of the battery cell value chain: from selection of materials, to battery cell composition and design, all the way to near-standard production and recycling.

From raw material to recycling: BMW Group develops sustainable material cycle for battery cells

 

Milan Nedeljković, member of the Board of Management of BMW AG, responsible for Production: “The new pilot plant will strengthen our expertise in production of battery cells. We will be capable of testing new systems technology and innovative production processes. Our goal is to optimise near-standard production of battery cells from the perspective of quality, performance and costs. The new pilot plant will enable us to close the final gap in the value chain from battery cell development, to production of modules and powertrain components, all the way to installation of fully assembled high-voltage batteries at our vehicle plants. This makes us the first car manufacturer to cover the entire process chain for electric driving.”

Frank Weber, member of the Board of Management of BMW AG, responsible for Development: “By 2023, the BMW Group will have 25 electrified models on the roads, as it systematically increases electrification across all brands and model series. This continued expansion and our comprehensive battery cell expertise will give sustainability a major boost. At the same time, our models’ eDrive technology also ensures brand-typical dynamic performance and driving fun.” Weber continued: “We are not just focused on the most efficient battery cell, but on its entire value chain. That is why we are working with our partners to create a closed material cycle for battery cells.”

The pilot plant will be built in Parsdorf, near Munich, and is scheduled to go into service in late 2022. The total project volume is almost 110 million euros and about 50 employees will work at the plant.

The German Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and the Bavarian Ministry of Economic Affairs, Regional Development and Energy is supporting the project within the framework of the European funding process IPCEI (Important Projects of Common European Interest).

Near-series production of battery cells

The company just opened a separate Battery Cell Competence Centre in Munich in November 2019, covering the entire battery cell value chain, from research and development to battery cell composition and design, all the way to large-scale manufacturability.

The BMW Group is taking the next logical step with the new pilot plant and further expanding its expertise. The goal is to enhance battery cells’ performance capabilities and demonstrate large-scale manufacturability. To do so, the BMW Group will develop innovative production processes and systems, which will then be installed at the 14,000 m² pilot plant. Using production processes and systems also employed in standard production, the company will be able to demonstrate the industrial feasibility of future battery cell generations. The main focus will be on optimising production efficiency, costs and quality.

Building on know-how from the Battery Cell Competence Centre and, later, also from the pilot plant, the BMW Group will bring optimal battery cell technology to series maturity within the shortest implementation time possible and enable suppliers for battery cell production to its own specifications.

A quarter of BMW Group vehicles sold in Europe should have an electric drive train by 2021; a third in 2025 and half in 2030.

The sustainable battery cell of the future will be recyclable

To make an effective contribution to climate protection, the overall environmental balance of all vehicle components must be improved and partners brought into the process. This applies in particular to energy-intensive production of battery cells for electric vehicles. Up to 40 percent of a fully-electric vehicle’s CO2 emissions come from battery cell production alone.

To develop innovative and sustainable battery cell technology, the BMW Group is working as part of a technology consortium with the Swedish battery manufacturer, Northvolt, and Umicore, a Belgian developer of battery materials. The collaboration is focused on creating an end-to-end sustainable value chain for battery cells in Europe, extending from development to production to recycling.

Northvolt will produce the battery cells at its own gigafactory currently under construction in Skellefteå in northern Sweden from 2024 on. Northvolt will obtain the energy needed to produce the battery cells exclusively from wind and hydroelectric power generated regionally in northern Sweden.

Umicore will contribute to development of a sustainable battery cell in Europe. Recyclable cell design is a consistent focus from the very beginning of battery cell development. Faced with rapidly growing demand for battery cells, recycling of battery components at the end of their lifecycle and extensive reuse of raw materials will be key to closing the materials loop in the best way possible.

BMW Group battery cells to be produced with 100% green power from fifth generation on

As a leader in sustainability, the BMW Group has already reached a contractual agreement with its cell manufacturers that they will only use green power to produce fifth-generation battery cells.

The fifth-generation battery cell will be on the roads later this year in the BMW iX3* and rolled out in more products over the coming year, like the BMW iNEXT and the BMW i4.

As volumes increase, the use of green power will save around ten million tonnes of CO2 over the next ten years. For comparison, that is roughly the amount of CO2 a city of over a million inhabitants, like Munich, emits per year.

IPCEI: European support programme for innovative and sustainable battery cells made in Europe

The Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) is currently working with German and European industry on two programmes to support battery cell innovation. These are being realised as “Important Projects of Common European Interest” (IPCEI) and include projects from many European member states. Projects from both support programmes cover the entire battery value chain, from raw and functional materials to cell production and integration, all the way to second use and recycling. The aim is to establish a value chain in Germany and Europe that uses innovative technologies, while also meeting the highest standards for sustainability and production carbon intensity. For this reason, the projects are focused on research and innovation, as well as industrialisation of new technologies. The BMWi is contributing more than a billion euros for both support programmes.

The BMW Group has been analysing battery cells since 2008 and, thanks to this long-standing experience, already has extensive knowledge in the field of cell analysis. Through the research conducted by the support programmes, the BMW Group will be able to refine chemical composition, cell mechanics, cell design and the production process down to the last detail. Battery cell manufacturers can build on this know-how and use it in a targeted manner for sustainable and successful industrialisation.

CO2 EMISSIONS & CONSUMPTION.

*Consumption/emission data:

BMW iX3: fuel consumption combined in the NEDC test cycle: 0.0 l/100 km; electric power consumption combined: 17.8 – 17.5 kWh/100 km; CO2 emissions combined: 0 g/km; fuel consumption combined in the WLTP test cycle: 0.0 l/100 km; electric power consumption combined: 19.5 – 18.5 kWh/100 km; CO2 emissions combined: 0 g/km

The Ultimaker S5 is our Spring 2020 pick for the “Best Dual Extruder 3D Printer”. Check out our Ultimaker S5 review to find out why it is an excellent multi-material machine for small businesses.

Ultimaker S5 Review: Best Dual Extruder 3D Printer 2020

Founded in 2011, the Dutch 3D printer manufacturer Ultimaker has solidified itself as a pioneer in the open source 3D printing community. With a highly praised range of professional-grade 3D printers and one of the most popular 3D printing slicers in Cura, there’s no doubt that Ultimaker is one of the most influential players in the desktop 3D printing market.

In 2016, the company released the Ultimaker 3, a groundbreaking dual extrusion 3D printer that many still consider as the best professional machine that money can buy. Back in April, during the manufacturing technology trade show Hannover Messe 2018, Ultimaker unveiled the new Ultimaker S5 3D printer, a bigger and better model that would replace the beloved Ultimaker 3.

The company has recently started shipping its new machine to its first customers, so you can understand our excitement when a large Ultimaker-branded package arrived at the All3DP office. After cracking open the cardboard box, we were greeted with a sizable and sleek Ultimaker S5 3D printer. Here’s what we thought about it.

Is this microreactor the future of nuclear architecture?

The 50-foot-tall Aurora plant, designed by Oklo, unites old and new aspects of nuclear power.

Gensler’s design for Oklo’s Aurora micro-reactor and power plant. All images courtesy of Oklo.

Although nuclear power and weapons have influenced design since the  Atomic Age  , a new power plant designed by  Oklo  , developer of a 1.5MW compact passive fast reactor, is poised to start a new wave of nuclear architecture. The 50-foot-tall Aurora Microreactor Plant unites old and new aspects of nuclear power in several ways; Oklo made headlines recentlyAnnounced that Aurora, which is expected to begin operating in 2024, will be powered by low-enriched uranium from the Idaho National Laboratory. The use of HALEU (high enrichment and low enrichment uranium) is unique in that it takes advantage of already used nuclear fuel that has been discarded by large processing facilities, which often only use around 50% of the power potential of their core material Previously replacing it, Oklo, which launched in 2013 and debuted with the Aurora plant project in fall 2019, aims to recover 90-100% of the energy available within the fuel, using fast fission and fast reactors.

“We are using the same physical reactions, we are using fission, but almost everything we are trying to do is completely different from the industry, historically,” Caroline Cochran said    in a telephone interview with Hyperallergic. The microreactor and Oklo plant do not require water or a lot of land, and the small-scale footprint improves the ability to meet the energy needs of communities in remote locations, such as small Alaskan cities, but perhaps not just their needs. of energy. The Aurora plant also represents an evolution in the aesthetics of nuclear design, with Oklo’s conscious effort to make its power station accessible and attractive to the surrounding community.

The A-shaped plant shape is strong, weather resistant, and makes good use of sun angles for a variety of panels.

“We have been thinking a lot about how to meet their needs further, mainly to provide electricity, but how can we also be a meeting point?” Cochran said. “A town hall, a garden, an indoor pool, during the moments in Alaska when people don’t exercise much or don’t have access to fresh vegetables? That kind of things. How can the building itself be iconic and recognizable, but also take on the flavor of the available areas?

The company employed  Gensler  to focus on their vision of the structure, and decided on an A-frame structure that brings together various cultural references, practical considerations, and space efficiencies for Aurora. The team was inspired by structures including the  Cadet Chapel of  the  United States Air Force Academy  , and comments on the design have compared the smooth, domed triangular construction to a Star Wars building, a cathedral, a Swiss chalet. … and even some less elevated notions.

“One person thought they were being rude to us when comparing it to an IHOP,” said Cochran, “but I think it’s kind of interesting, the different opinions of what it reminds them of, and I’d say it’s a good thing.” . We were trying to think about the community aspects that we hope to develop together with them, and these will vary by site. ”

The mid-century feel of design is a fitting nod to the roots of the nuclear aesthetic of the atomic age.

In addition to mid-century aesthetics referencing the original era of nuclear design, A-racks are the strongest lattice construction, and therefore ideal for housing and protecting the working aspects of the power plant, including the supporting cranes that move the jobs inside the plant, but the angle of the sides also lines up well with the solar array that will be attached to the energy processing. In high snow and low light latitudes like Alaska, the angle of the A-frame roof throws snow and maximizes exposure to sunlight. But Oklo also has more fancy ideas for the panels, hoping to employ  Sistine Solar  in implementing custom solar panel designs, including one commissioned by the artist. Forest Stearns  for Aurora design, which creates a reflection of the Alaskan sky touched by Aurora Borealis.

Coming soon … Aurora lights the way for new approaches to nuclear power and design.

Everything about Oklo, including the company name, which refers to the Oklo region of the Gabon state in Central Africa, where  nuclear fission is a natural feature  of the prehistoric landscape, indicates that it is a company that thinks very holistically. on the role of nuclear energy. it plays in human society, in nature and in the universe. These nuclear innovators look to a future where people stop for a cup of coffee at their local power plant (radiation dose not included) before using that energy potential for deep space exploration. That’s a lot of weight on the shoulders of an A-frame structure, but for now, Oklo projects a healthy glow of confidence and potential in the quick-fission design and deployment.

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The date for the Bright World of Metals 2023 has been set

GIFA, METEC, THERMPROCESS, NEWCAST in Düsseldorf from 12 to 16 June 2023